Roman Numen

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This list features some of the deities and spirits (known individually as numen or collectively as numina) who populated the imagination and religion of the native Latin people. While some of them were extremely important to the extent that they had rites dedicated to them, others are merely names, with little (or limited) function even in Roman times. Several of them, including Janus and Vesta, were quite essential to the Roman state cults, and so taken together as a group, these gods and goddesses should not be underestimated.

Bellona | Goddess of war.

Bona Dea | This “good goddess” was worshiped by women only; in mythology she was identified with Fauna.

Cardea | Goddess who possessed power over doorways; however, in other respects, she is similar to the Greek goddess Artemis.

Cloacina | Goddess who watched over the construction and preservation of sewers (think Cloaca Maxima…).

Consus | God of fertility.

Cupid | God of love; the Roman counterpart to the Greek god Eros.

Dis (Dis Pater) | God of the Underworld; similar to the Greek Hades.

Discordia | Goddess of discord or strife; Roman version of the Greek goddess Eris.

Faunus | God of the fields and shepherds; identified with the Greek god Pan.

Felicitas | Goddess of good luck.

Fides | Goddess of honesty.

Flora | Goddess of “all that flourishes”; revered especially by courtesans.

Fortuna | Goddess of chance; identified with the Greek goddess Tyche.

Furies | Roman version of the Erinyes.

Glaucus | God of the sea.

Janus | God of gates; he lent his name to the first month of the year.

More Roman Gods (Lares - Victoria)

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