Since we took a look at ancient Greek festivals yesterday, it seems fair to explore some ancient Roman festivals today.
You may have noticed that I included the word feriae in the title of this post. Oooh, bonus points for paying attention! Anyway, feriae simply means festival.
Bacchanalia | Dionysiac festivals held in honor of the god Bacchus, Bacchanalia were so notorious in ancient Rome that the Roman Senate suppressed the celebration of these rites in 186 B.C.E.
Feralia | This Roman festival was a type of All Souls Day when the departed were honored.
Floralia | The Floralia was a festival devoted to Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers and plants.
Liberalia | This festival was a celebration for the Roman god Liber (who, incidentally, was identified with the Greek god Dionysos).
Lemuria | The name Lemuria indicates the time during which the lemures, or “hungry ghosts”, wandered the earth.
Lupercalia | Fertility and purification were the goals of the somewhat strange Roman festival known as the Lupercalia.
Parentalia | This All Souls festival was used to honor the dead, and it culminated in the public celebration of the Feralia (see above).
Saturnalia | This merry Roman festival dedicated to the Roman god Saturn involved feasts and gift giving - sound familiar?